Apache Hadoop


Apache Hadoop is an open-source software framework that supports data-intensive distributed applications licensed under the Apache v2 license. It supports running applications on large clusters of commodity hardware. Hadoop derives from Google's MapReduce and Google File System (GFS) papers.

The Hadoop framework transparently provides both reliability and data motion to applications. Hadoop implements a computational paradigm named MapReduce, where the application is divided into many small fragments of work, each of which can execute or re-execute on any node in the cluster. In addition, it provides a distributed file system that stores data on the compute nodes, providing very high aggregate bandwidth across the cluster. Both map/reduce and the distributed file system are designed so that node failures are automatically handled by the framework. It enables applications to work with thousands of computation-independent computers and petabytes of data. The entire Apache Hadoop “platform” is now commonly considered to consist of the Hadoop kernel, MapReduce and Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS), as well as a number of related projects – including Apache Hive, Apache HBase, and others.

Hadoop is written in the Java programming language and is an Apache top-level project being built and used by a global community of contributors. Hadoop and its related projects (Hive, HBase, Zookeeper, and so on) have many contributors from across the ecosystem. Though Java code is most common, any programming language can be used with "streaming" to implement the "map" and "reduce" parts of the system.


  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_Hadoop
  2. http://hadoop.apache.org/core